Home Glass Art Acid-Etched Glass Improves Daylighting on the Nationwide Aviary

Acid-Etched Glass Improves Daylighting on the Nationwide Aviary


Good intentions, combined outcomes

As James Smith talked about, the Wetlands’ shell makes use of a full curtain wall glazing system as an alternative of the lapped glass method extra widespread in conventional greenhouses. Whereas lapped glass permits some air alternate via the unsealed lap and encourages airflow via passive air flow, the hermetic curtain partitions of the Wetlands constructing held the habitat’s heat, moist air in place, which prompted the metallic {hardware} and different parts to degrade over time.

Overhead, the constructing had different challenges from the unique design. The roof was coated with frosted glass panels with the textured floor going through the within of the constructing. This was meant to perform three issues: to extend seen mild transmittance, to diffuse daylight so it wouldn’t burn the vegetation inside, and to reduce condensation runoff from the within floor of the glass. The primary two objectives had been easy sufficient. Nevertheless, positioning the tough floor towards the constructing’s inside and giving minimal slope to the glass had unintended penalties.

The tough floor was meant to catch water from condensation on the sloped ceiling tiles, stopping droplets from “raining” down contained in the habitat. It labored a bit too effectively. The glass caught and retained moisture, which caught and retained grime particles, which lowered mild stream into the area. Moreover, the fixed moisture prompted {hardware} within the roof to age extra shortly than it might have in a dry setting. This led to leaks and breaks, to the purpose the place the Nationwide Aviary needed to set up a layer of plastic beneath the unique roof. After all, this additional layer lowered daylighting within the inside much more.

By the point of renovations, in accordance with Smith, pure daylighting within the Wetlands was right down to round 45% seen mild transmittance (VLT). It was a far cry from the 80% VLT they had been aiming for. Larger mild transmittance would increase plant development and make the Wetlands a way more nice area for birds and guests.

Restoring this mid-century construction was going to take lots of problem-solving.


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