Years in the past, close to the financial institution of Lake Balaton, Hungary, a four-year-old Zsuzsa Ujj was taking part in with the clay that she discovered on the backside of a puddle. Squeezing the moist earth between her fingers, she knew she had fallen in love. By the point she was 14, she was enrolled in a specialised highschool to review ceramic arts, adopted by a tenure on the Hungarian Academy of Crafts and Design. Right this moment, she works full-time to craft porcelain Judaica with a uniquely up to date however timeless model.
Ujj’s works mix easy magnificence with festivity. The graceful curves of her porcelain candlesticks and goblets could also be cool to the contact, however they exude the inviting feeling of heat. And as purposeful, non secular objects, they aren’t simply artistic endeavors, however vital gadgets in somebody’s house, which the artist has handled with deep care. Some are ornamented with swaying leaves and vines; her Etsy store warns that “the hand painted traces observe my breath and my heartbeats, so minor variations could happen.” Many others are left naked of any floor design, permitting their mild geometry to talk for itself.
One form repeats itself many times in Ujj’s items: the type of a pomegranate. Ujj recounted that in Jewish custom, “the pomegranate is an emblem of prosperity and fruitfulness.” An previous Jewish educating holds that the pomegranate has 613 seeds (in fact, an approximation, because the variety of seeds varies from fruit to fruit), which correspond to the 613 mitzvot, or commandments laid out for the Jewish folks within the Bible.
Ujj is not only drawn to the normal Jewish symbolism of pomegranates, but in addition to the mathematics behind their globular form. A former geometry instructor in an arts faculty, she has a deep understanding of sine waves and parabolas, and is fascinated with the numbers on invisible axes that decide natural curves. “They all the time look harmonic,” she informed Hyperallergic. For Ujj, the pomegranates are like limitless makes an attempt to resolve a math drawback. “What I all the time wish to play with in my work is to attach these optimistic and destructive shapes,” she stated. “I nonetheless haven’t discovered the perfect answer.”
Crafting porcelain is a protracted and troublesome course of, so every of those experiments represents many weeks of labor. After hand carving and pouring casts, porcelain requires a kiln that may fireplace at temperatures over 2,600 levels Fahrenheit (1,427 levels Celsius).
“This type of work with porcelain in a small studio like mine has solely been doable because the ’90s,” stated Ujj. That was when NASA developed a ceramic coating for insulating their spacecraft, which when made obtainable to the bigger public, allowed smaller kilns to achieve these excessive temperatures with out permitting warmth to flee. Earlier than that, solely rich, non-public manufacturies may produce porcelain by strategies they usually stored prime secret. Hungary is house to legendary workshops like Herend Manufactory and Zsolnay, the latter of which was famend for producing sinewy, Artwork Nouveau masterpieces, coated with gleaming, iridescent glazes. Ujj takes inspiration from this Hungarian Artwork Nouveau legacy as effectively, as evident in her undulating, life-like kinds.
Ceramic Jewish artwork itself is a extremely up to date phenomenon within the diaspora, and till not too long ago, had little precedent in Jewish historical past. Go to any Jewish historical past museum, and also you’ll normally discover cabinets of menorahs and spice packing containers made with metals like pewter and silver.
“This type of porcelain assortment has no custom, as a result of these items are very fragile,” Ujj informed Hyperallergic. “Within the historical past of Jewish folks, there was plenty of shifting from one place to a different. In fact, steel survives that. However glass and ceramic, not a lot.”
Ujj sees the marketplace for ceramic Judaica as an indication that, compared to much more turbulent occasions in historical past, the shoppers really feel safe of their properties. “When folks purchase this, I believe it’s a signal that we really feel very protected, now that we will make investments into items that aren’t really easy to hold. I hope that this protected interval lasts lengthy.”